Philips is a Dutch technology company that was founded as Philips & Co. by Gerard and Frederik Philips in Eindhoven in 1891. In 1907, Philips Metaalgloeilampfabriek N.V. (Philips Metal Filament Lamp Factory Inc.) was formed, followed in 1912 by Philips Gloeilampenfabrieken N.V. (Philips Lightbulb Factories Inc.). In 1991, the company's name was changed from N.V. Philips Gloeilampenfabrieken to Philips Electronics N.V. The company name was changed to Koninklijke Philips Electronics N.V. (Royal Philips) in 1997, and in 2001 the company moved to Amsterdam.
Together with Sony, Philips authored most of the Compact Disc specifications, including CD Digital Audio (a.k.a. Red Book) and CD-ROM (a.k.a. Yellow Book). After testing the waters with distribution deals of early video game consoles such as the Magnavox Oddyssey², they fully entered the video game industry in the 1980s, and released a CD-based video game console called the CD-i in 1991, with its own CD standard by the same name (a.k.a. Green Book).
They developed several games for the CD-i as well, including Voyeur.